Previous Readings

Created Thursday 19 August 2021








Week 15 - Wrapping it all up



./LIS3353-hope.pdfM

https://techcrunch.com/2016/10/09/a-decentralized-web-would-give-power-back-to-the-people-online/
https://qz.com/797778/silicon-valley-thinks-its-the-heir-to-1960s-counterculture-but-theres-no-revolution-here/

On "Innovation"
https://startuptown.wordpress.com/2014/11/07/innovation-is-based-on-government-policy/
http://www.citylab.com/design/2016/04/how-maintainers-not-innovators-make-the-world-turn/477468/

http://www.businessinsider.com/screen-time-limits-bill-gates-steve-jobs-red-flag-2017-10?r=UK&IR=T
http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-42030109
http://freedomboxfoundation.org/

And, not mandatory, but a good start:
Probably start here and rewind: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HJCczbSF-B8#t=28m26s
and then:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bx1s7Mo3sac
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=khO76Mpo9dg















Week 14 - Languages

./3353-languages.pdf

./LIS-3353-Makeup.pdf


Week 13 - Practical Privacy


./LIS3353-PrivacyFULL.pdf

https://www.cnbc.com/2018/03/21/facebook-cambridge-analytica-scandal-everything-you-need-to-know.html
just scroll the below,really
https://news.google.com/search?q=facebook&hl=en-US&gl=US&ceid=US:en

Privacy, broadly
https://robindoherty.com/2016/01/06/nothing-to-hide.html
https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2011/09/the-clouds-my-mom-cleaned-my-room-problem/245648/
https://www.philzimmermann.com/EN/essays/WhyIWrotePGP.html
https://jacquesmattheij.com/if-you-have-nothing-to-hide

Little Brother?
https://eyes.daylightingsociety.org/
https://defaultnamehere.tumblr.com/post/139351766005/graphing-when-your-facebook-friends-are-awake

https://www.allbusiness.com/basic-privacy-issues-in-the-workplace-7869527-1.html

Surveillance?
http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/new_scientist/2015/01/mass_surveillance_against_terrorism_gathering_intelligence_on_all_is_statistically.html
https://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/18/technology/a-world-of-surveillance-doesnt-always-help-to-catch-a-thief.html?em_pos=small&emc=edit_dk_20161219&nl=dealbook&nl_art=5&nlid=65508833&ref=headline&te=1&_r=0


Week 12 - Freely Available Info II

NOTE - I'm making available far more readings than I'd expect any team to do or cover: What the teams presenting should do is simply pick a few of these that they find most interesting:

./LIS-3353-FreelyAvailableInfo-NEW.pdf


http://www.salon.com/2012/09/19/an_art_history_book_minus_the_art/
http://www.lessig.org/2008/10/a-lesson-in-the-failures-of-fa/
https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2016/04/fair-use-prevails-as-supreme-court-rejects-google-books-copyright-case/

CREATOR RIGHTS?
https://harpers.org/archive/2007/02/the-ecstasy-of-influence/
http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/jurisprudence/2003/06/harry_potter_and_the_international_order_of_copyright.html

MUSIC
The beginning of the end: http://www.ethanhein.com/wp/2009/biz-markie-gets-the-copyright-smackdown/

LIBRARIANSHIP?
https://go-to-hellman.blogspot.com/2010/01/offline-book-lending-costs-us.html
https://americanlibrariesmagazine.org/2016/05/31/why-sci-hub-matters/
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/04/whos-downloading-pirated-papers-everyone

MOVIES
http://www.kungfugrippe.com/post/439759688/you-a-big-fan-of-aggressive-ip-enforcement-like

PATENT
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2017/06/federal-circuit-hits-stupid-patent-owner-fee-award
http://www.economist.com/blogs/democracyinamerica/2011/08/intellectual-property?fsrc=rss

wow, I'm linking to cracked:
http://www.cracked.com/pictofacts-687-12-inventions-created-by-different-people-at-same-time/

Alternate Modes
COMPULSORY LICENSING?
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compulsory_licensing
https://www.legalmatch.com/law-library/article/music-copyright-compulsory-cover-license.html

Orphan Works
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orphan_work
https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2008/10/orphan-works-copyright-reform-fails-in-wake-of-bailout-bid/

Piracy?
https://gizmodo.com/the-eu-suppressed-a-300-page-study-that-found-piracy-do-1818629537

GNU GPL
http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-3.0.txt
https://opensource.com/article/17/9/open-source-licensing
https://qz.com/981029/a-federal-court-has-ruled-that-an-open-source-license-is-an-enforceable-contract/


https://library.osu.edu/blogs/copyright/2015/07/29/copyright-as-an-instrument-for-censorship/



Week 11 - Freely Available Information (Intellectual Property)




The basics:
https://www.gameacademy.com/the-four-types-of-intellectual-property-protection/

Intellectual? Property?
https://www.gnu.org/philosophy/not-ipr.html
http://www.dklevine.com/general/intellectual/coffee.htm

TRADE SECRET
http://www.litigationandtrial.com/2010/05/articles/the-law/for-people/iron-mans-suit-isnt-patented-its-a-trade-secret-seriously/

TRADEMARK
http://www.adobe.com/misc/trade.html#section-4

PATENT
Skim: http://www.uspto.gov/patents/resources/general_info_concerning_patents.jsp
http://goo.gl/qFVt
http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/news/2009/01/resurrecting-the-supreme-courts-software-patent-ban-not-ready.ars

COPYRIGHT
http://emoglen.law.columbia.edu/my_pubs/anarchism.html
and compare and contrast with
http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA6529387.html

Browse : http://fairuse.stanford.edu/Copyright_and_Fair_Use_Overview/chapter9/index.html
(Take special note of the "fifth" fair use factor)
http://www.thestandard.com/news/2008/10/07/fair-use-decided-who-has-most-money


TODAYS TOPICS
https://www.wired.com/2016/04/stealing-publicly-funded-research-isnt-stealing/
https://gizmodo.com/the-eu-suppressed-a-300-page-study-that-found-piracy-do-1818629537
https://theconversation.com/the-internet-of-things-is-sending-us-back-to-the-middle-ages-81435
http://computationalculture.net/article/book-piracy-as-peer-preservation
https://techcrunch.com/2011/01/15/lets-compete-on-innovation/


Week 10 - Social Surplus


./10 - LIS3353 Social-surplus.pdf
./LIS3353-Social Media.pdf


http://www.benkler.org/Benkler_Wealth_Of_Networks_Chapter_1.pdf


https://biznology.com/2018/01/online-communities-best-thing-internet-not-worst/
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/03/15/technology/how-the-internet-is-saving-culture-not-killing-it.html
https://www.wired.com/story/why-teens-arent-partying-anymore/

Playing with toys while people are dying?
https://medium.com/@mode7games/playing-with-toys-while-people-are-dying-f8ed35ef8b25

Social Surplus
http://www.niemanlab.org/2010/06/clay-shirkys-cognitive-surplus-is-creating-and-sharing-always-a-more-moral-choice-than-consuming/

Flashmobs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flash_mob
http://www.smartmobs.com/2006/10/03/ice-cream-politics-flash-mob-in-belarus/
http://emoglen.law.columbia.edu/twiki/bin/view/CompPrivConst/HereComesEverybody (read only the Chapter 7:Faster and Faster bit)

4chan
http://hplusmagazine.com/2009/12/08/lost-filth-simulacrum/
https://medium.com/@DaleBeran/4chan-the-skeleton-key-to-the-rise-of-trump-624e7cb798cb

Networked Production
https://www.wired.com/2017/02/craigslist-is-ugly-janky-old-schooland-unbeatable/
https://www.opendemocracy.net/media-copyrightlaw/benkler_3487.jsp

"Slacktivism"
http://www.meta-activism.org/2013/03/its-not-slacktivism-if-it-changes-culture/

Week 9 - Anonymity



./09- LIS3353-anonymity.pdf

In the news:
http://www.zdnet.com/article/congress-repeals-obama-internet-history-privacy-rules/
http://mashable.com/2017/03/31/isp-claim-wont-sell-browsing-history/#t0iFiYqefiqw
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2017/03/28/so_my_isp_can_now_sell_my_browsing_history_what_can_i_do/

Tor
http://lifehacker.com/what-is-tor-and-should-i-use-it-1527891029
https://blog.torproject.org/blog/what-tor-supporter-looks-laura-poitras
http://www.theverge.com/2013/10/4/4802512/nsa-failed-to-compromise-tor-network-but-exploited-browser-vulnerabilities

Anonymity?
http://www.bothsidesofthetable.com/2011/09/21/why-pseudonymity-is-such-an-important-concept-and-what-anybeat-is-doing-about-it/
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/07/27/randi-zuckerberg-anonymity-online_n_910892.html
http://www.zdnet.com/article/eff-facebook-argue-over-real-name-policies/#!
http://www.theverge.com/2015/7/30/9072257/facebook-real-name-policy-germany

Voting:
http://www.washingtonsblog.com/2012/11/videos-of-vote-fraud-pour-in-from-both-liberal-and-conservative-sources.html
http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonkblog/wp/2012/11/06/estonians-get-to-vote-online-why-cant-america/
http://venturebeat.com/2015/02/21/watch-how-quick-it-is-to-vote-in-the-most-advanced-democracy-on-earth-estonia/

READING:
https://free.law/2015/09/17/the-right-to-read-anonymously/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/El_Paquete_Semanal
http://www.wired.com/2015/03/north-korea/

Week 8 - Algorithms and Milkshakes

./08 - LIS3353 - Milkshakes I.pdf

this just in...
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/oct/15/encryption-lose-privacy-us-uk-australia-facebook

How Encryption Works
http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/sep/05/how-internet-encryption-works

http://computer.howstuffworks.com/encryption3.htm

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptographic_hash_function

http://www.pcworld.com/article/2905995/truecrypt-audit-shows-no-sign-of-nsa-backdoors-just-some-minor-glitches.html

https://www.howtogeek.com/203708/3-alternatives-to-the-now-defunct-truecrypt-for-your-encryption-needs/

Apple's Method
http://blog.cryptographyengineering.com/2014/10/why-cant-apple-decrypt-your-iphone.html

Hashing for Verification
http://www.howtogeek.com/67241/htg-explains-what-are-md5-sha-1-hashes-and-how-do-i-check-them/

https://tiptopsecurity.com/what-is-cryptographic-hashing-md5-sha-and-more/

How Bitcoin Works
https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/How_bitcoin_works

http://www.engadget.com/2015/01/21/cryptocurrency-explainer/


Week 7 - The Internet


./07- LIS3353-Internet-T1908.pdf

The history:
http://www2.ed.gov/pubs/OR/ConsumerGuides/internet.html
http://sixrevisions.com/resources/the-history-of-the-internet-in-a-nutshell/

The barriers
https://www.publicintegrity.org/2014/08/28/15404/how-big-telecom-smothers-city-run-broadband

DIY? Mesh, et al
http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-37974267
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/how-a-diy-network-plans-to-subvert-time-warner-cables-nyc-internet-monopoly


The net; today:
https://www.theguardian.com/books/2016/jul/14/dennis-cooper-google-censorship-dc-blog
https://techcrunch.com/2016/10/09/a-decentralized-web-would-give-power-back-to-the-people-online/
https://backchannel.com/the-end-of-the-internet-dream-ba060b17da61#.y01ca2r1d

Net Neutrality Today
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/jul/12/ajit-pai-fcc-net-neutrality-open-internet
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/43a5kg/80-percent-net-neutrality-comments-bots-astroturfing



Week 6 - User Interfaces


./LIS3353-UserInterfaces.pdf

READ THIS AGAIN. or for the first time if you didn't before.
https://www.bloomberg.com/graphics/2015-paul-ford-what-is-code/

Browse for fun..
http://toastytech.com/guis/indexgem.html

Timelessness
https://www.imaginarycloud.com/blog/timeless-classic-ui-design/amp/
--
on UX
http://www.designyourway.net/blog/web-and-mobile-design/what-is-ux-design-and-why-its-important/
https://www.usability.gov/what-and-why/user-interface-design.html

See, e.g.
https://www.nngroup.com/articles/flat-design/
https://martechtoday.com/voice-user-interfaces-will-work-together-with-graphical-user-interfaces-217977

but...

THIS, again?
https://graydon2.dreamwidth.org/193447.html
http://www.loper-os.org/?p=69

dark patterns
http://www.theverge.com/2013/8/29/4640308/dark-patterns-inside-the-interfaces-designed-to-trick-you


Week 5 - Why Linux?


./05 LIS3353 - Lots of Linux (with command line info).pdf

The basics:
https://www.linux.com/what-is-linux/
https://www.techrepublic.com/article/getting-up-to-speed-with-the-linux-desktop-operating-system/

Continuation of an idea from last time:
https://zyst.io/is-microsoft-boiling-us-to-death

Read AT LEAST the first 4 sections (Intro, MGBs, Tanks and Batmobiles, BitFlinger, and GUIs) — the rest is optional, but pretty good:
http://project.cyberpunk.ru/lib/in_the_beginning_was_the_command_line/


--

https://graydon2.dreamwidth.org/193447.html
https://simplystatistics.org/2017/06/13/the-future-of-education-is-plain-text/


What you can do with very little:
https://opensource.com/life/16/6/linux-laptop-haitian-family

a little "language" in here, forgive me
http://web.archive.org/web/20101202135616/http://teddziuba.com/2010/10/taco-bell-programming.html

For the Practical ☺
https://adtmag.com/blogs/dev-watch/2016/07/bash-salaries.aspx
https://alexpetralia.com/posts/2017/6/26/learning-linux-bash-to-get-things-done

AND FINALLY:
https://www.linuxjournal.com/content/whats-our-next-fight

Dont have to read - but a good reference:
http://oliverelliott.org/article/computing/tut_unix/

— new material, on Politeness, "PC-Culture", etc in Tech and Linux?
https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-45664640
https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2019/09/richard-stallman-leaves-mit-after-controversial-remarks-on-rape/




Week 4 - OSs and History

./03-History-T908.pdf

http://www.cio.com/article/2989667/consumer-technology/history-of-apple-and-microsoft-4-decades-of-peaks-and-valleys.html

Apple
http://www.makeuseof.com/tag/rise-fall-rise-apple-history/

Monopoly?
http://lowendmac.com/2008/rise-of-microsoft-monopoly/


Cultural Defeat of Microsoft
https://www.devever.net/~hl/windowsdefeat
https://backchannel.com/why-i-m-saying-goodbye-to-apple-google-and-microsoft-78af12071bd#.mg44d9omw

http://www.pcworld.com/article/3088755/windows/a-lawsuit-over-an-unwanted-windows-10-upgrade-just-cost-microsoft-10000.html

Linux
http://www.techrepublic.com/blog/linux-and-open-source/apple-steals-innovation-from-the-heart-of-the-linux-community/
http://www.zdnet.com/article/linux-and-open-source-have-won-get-over-it/

https://itsfoss.com/windows-10-inspired-linux/


Week 3 - Hardware

./02 LIS3353 - Hardware I-T1908.pdf

On Moore's Law
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/13/opinion/thomas-friedman-moores-law-turns-50.html?_r=0

Does Moore's Law Matter?
http://www.slashgear.com/is-moores-law-still-relevant-for-pcs-0780747/

IoT
https://www.forbes.com/sites/jacobmorgan/2014/05/13/simple-explanation-internet-things-that-anyone-can-understand/#4614fcdd1d09

(Warning, strong language ahead. But, it makes for perhaps the most frank and honest discussion I've seen on the topic)
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/pgkdm7/when-the-internet-of-things-starts-to-feel-like-the-internet-of-shit

Does HARDWARE Matter?
http://www.computerworld.com/article/2494720/computer-hardware/preston-gralla--does-hardware-matter-anymore-.html

On Shenzhen
https://medium.com/wonk-bridge/shenzhen-the-tech-capital-of-the-world-7b1a0469c39f


Week 2 - Software and Everything



./01 LIS3353 - Computers I - From Numbers to Thinking-T1908.pdf

What is code?
https://www.bloomberg.com/graphics/2015-paul-ford-what-is-code/

What programming is
http://siderea.livejournal.com/1241996.html#cut%20id1

Basic Binary
http://www.mathsisfun.com/binary-decimal-hexadecimal.html

(also this — brilliant!) - https://i.imgur.com/NQPrUsI.gifv

Basic Algorithms
http://computer.howstuffworks.com/question717.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20140716042310/https://medium.com/@_marcos_otero/the-real-10-algorithms-that-dominate-our-world-e95fa9f16c04

AI
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/534871/our-fear-of-artificial-intelligence/
https://logicmag.io/01-interview-with-an-anonymous-data-scientist/

Turing Test?
https://www.dailydot.com/debug/programs-bots-that-also-passed-the-turing-test/

Facebooks war on free will (with an excellent bit in the middle on algorithms)
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/sep/19/facebooks-war-on-free-will

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/jan/13/dont-believe-the-hype-media-are-selling-us-an-ai-fantasy